Nicosia is 149m above sea level and is influenced by the local steppe climate. A steppe is a dry, grassy plain. Steppes occur in temperate climates, which lie between the tropics and polar regions. Temperate regions have distinct seasonal temperature changes, with cold winters and warm summers. Steppes are semi-arid, meaning they receive 25 to 50 centimeters (10-20 inches) of rain each year.

In Nicosia, in December, the average high-temperature is 18°C, and the average low-temperature is 6°C. The warmest month of the year is July, with an average temperature of 29.9 °C | 85.8 °F. January is the coldest month, with temperatures averaging 10.7 °C | 51.2 °F.